Adolescents form the most sensitive part of a population with growing health concerns and reproductive needs. Physical, emotional, social and sexual change in adolescents burdens them with irrepressible stress which can result in anxiety, withdrawal, aggression, poor coping skills and actual physical illness. The adolescent population (aging 15–24 years) in Pakistan was estimated to be approximately 27 million in 2000, and it is expected to continue to increase, reaching 44.6 million in 2020. Adolescents in Pakistan are not exempt from the reproductive health problems. These problems include lack of information and access to services, maternal health burden, taboos on sexuality, sexual violence/exploitation, and the risks of exposure to sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
In order to contribute towards improving the basic human rights and health status of adolescents in Pakistan, Parwan (Internationally known as United for Body Rights-UFBR) is launched in two districts i.e. Multan and Quetta as a 5-year project, which aims to address the Reproductive Health and Rights status of young people and women, including efforts to reduce Reproductive Health and Rights gender based violence (SGBV). Globally, Parwan will contribute to ICPD Charter and Millennium Development Goals:
- MDG 3: Promote gender equality and empower women
- MDG 5: Improve maternal health
- MDG 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
Result Area 1: Increased capacity of Civil Society Organizations to manage Reproductive Health and Rights Education and Services interventions
Parwan program aims to strengthen the capacity of Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) of Pakistan to enable them to take an effective role in efforts towards youth development and forming a healthy society.
Strategy: Parwan program evaluates partnering CSOs’ capacity by assessing the core capabilities required for effective project management in the area of Reproductive Health and Rights. Based on the findings of the assessment, an organizational development plan (through participatory approach) is created to help the CSOs improve their skills to be able to initiate and manage Reproductive Health and Rights and SGBV related projects effectively.
Target Groups: Parwan partner organizations; media networks; and governmental agencies
Result Area 2: Increasing quality of and access to comprehensive Reproductive Health and Rights and SGBV services for young people
Through Life Skills Based Education (LSBE) curriculum in schools, access of adolescent boys and girls is improved to get the knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to make safe choices in dealing with their Reproductive Health and Rights issues.
Strategy: LSBE (electronic and print) curriculum is used to educated young people through the formal public and private education system. Rutgers WPF will prepare a pool of master trainers and certified teachers who will transform the information and knowledge to young students in an interactive way.
Target Groups: Public and Private Schools; Teachers; young people aged 14-17 years including Students (grade 8th-10th)
Result Area 3: Increasing capacity of young people, women and marginalized groups to make safe and informed decisions
To increase access to quality of comprehensive SRH services, Parwan focuses on promoting non-judgmental and non-discriminatory attitudes towards young people accessing SRH services and the provision of referral services to survivors of gender based violence.
Strategy: Service protocols, trainings and support is provided to partnering Healthcare Providers to undertake infrastructural improvements to make facilities more youth-friendly in collaboration with existing services at target districts. Referral for gender based violence services will also be strengthened by training health providers.
Target Groups: Health Care Providers; health facilities; services providers for Gender-Based Violence
Result Area 4: Conducting Policy dialogue to advocate RH rights in civil society organizations’ countries and/or the region
To create an environment that is more conducive to achieving the above sated objectives and to ensure sustainability
Strategy: Capacity building of local Civil Society to advocate for RH and Rights; universal LSBE; and availability of youth friendly RH services.
Target Groups: Civil society; Government agencies; Policy makers; and United Nations
- Awaz Foundation Center for Development Services (AwazCDS)
- Participatory Integrated Development organization (PIDS)
- Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Dance4Life, MFS